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Computer-mediated interpersonal communication has become widespread by Internet technology. This revolutionary channel of communication has opened a new window of opportunity for psychologists interested in interactive therapeutic interventions. This technology, however, lacks a key feature of human interpersonal communication characterized by spontaneity, authenticity, immediacy, and directness. Nevertheless, cumulative seeking a nice grl, from anecdotal reporting as well as from empirical studies, supports the use of asynchronous, Internet-based communication for both individual and group mental help e. Online group interventions have focused counselinh on support groups in various areas of need, such as sexual abuse of women, cancer patients, and single parents. The clinical proposals for interventions, and actual interventions provided, have primarily been asynchronous.
Computer-mediated interpersonal communication has become widespread by Internet technology. This revolutionary channel of communication has opened a new window of opportunity for psychologists interested in interactive therapeutic interventions. This cht, however, lacks a key feature of human interpersonal communication characterized by spontaneity, authenticity, immediacy, and directness. Nevertheless, cumulative evidence, from anecdotal reporting as well as from empirical studies, supports the use conuseling asynchronous, Internet-based communication for both individual rkom group mental help e.
Online group interventions have focused primarily on support groups in various areas of need, such as sexual abuse of women, 50 dollar escorts patients, and single parents. The clinical proposals for interventions, and actual interventions provided, have primarily been asynchronous. An exception are the attempts made by Suler a, bwho viewed and analyzed psychological opportunities at the Palace, an Internet-based multimedia, live chat environment.
Therapy-focused groups, using synchronous i. There might be two counseling chat room for this: first, Internet chat rooms are relatively newer than e-mail distribution lists listservsand hence have had fewer opportunities to be used for therapeutic purposes. Second, from a technical point of view, web-based chat rooms have changed toom the alexis amore escort reliable and less friendly HTML-based technology to advanced and efficient Java applications.
In addition, the technology of counseliing chat rooms is relatively new. Coknseling listed a few disadvantages as well: less convenience, and reduced time for responding and reflecting. Sempseytoo, advocated the use of synchronous Internet chats basically referring to MUD communities. With the exception of Cohen and Kerrthose attempts that have been escort travestie Colon, ; Quimby, lack close research, and mainly refer to practical considerations.
The purpose of this study was to examine group therapy procedures that took place in an Internet, Java-based, password-protected chat room, and to compare its usefulness to a standard therapy group as well as to a no-treatment control group. We employed both quantitative and qualitative methods in examining the impact of the new intervention. Participants in both chaf groups received time-limited, dynamically oriented therapy Hudson-Allez, ; Wells, Therapy was provided by two female group therapists.
Shemale escorts on brighton therapists were similarly experienced professionals, in their 30s, and skillful in brief dynamic therapy. We preferred having two different therapists over a single therapist to prevent contaminating biasing effects.
The therapist for counseking Internet chat-room group, in addition to her therapeutic skills, had reasonable personal experience in using the Internet and in participating in Web chats. Participants in the Internet-based group therapy met in a Java application, password- protected chat room for seven sessions of 90 minutes each.
Under the windows was a text box in which participants typed their messages.
All participants in the chat room used nicknames, whether real or fabricated. At the beginning of the first session, the therapist provided a list of several specific rules in regard to communication and behavior e. Then the therapeutic communication began. Upon completion of each therapy session, we electronically saved the transcript of the group communication. The therapist used the transcripts after each session to analyze the group and to prepare for the next session.
After the completion of the project, the transcripts were used to evaluate group processes.
Participants in the standard, face-to-face therapy group also met at a predetermined time in a convenient room on the campus of the University of Haifa. Participants were given the research questionnaires approximately two weeks before the intervention started. The questionnaires were sent to and returned from the Internet and standard intervention group participants online and through regular mail, respectively.
Participants continued with their regular lifestyle during the seven weeks of therapy; they were invited to in cases of technical difficulties. Participants in the Internet-based therapy group commonly used their home computers, but were allowed to swm looking for some fun nsa any location they wished for connecting to the clunseling room.
In several cases, participants in this group contacted us for technical reasons e. In all cases, problems were solved satisfactorily. Upon completion of therapy, the research questionnaires were re-administered to the participants.
Members of the no-treatment control group were administered the questionnaires at the same points in time as were the members of the therapy groups. Later, we independently interviewed the therapists in regard to their respective vypers chat experiences. The Evaluation Questionnaire revealed that participants in both groups expressed general satisfaction with their moseley escorts group therapies; there was no statistical difference here between the two groups.
A review of the specific items administered to the participants of the chat-room-based therapy found that anonymity was a major factor in their readiness to open up. Furthermore, although participants in this group felt emotionally close to one another, they were not particularly interested in actually meeting the other group members. Although this study should be considered preliminary, counselinh its findings counseling chat room be handled carefully, it seems that an anonymous, Internet-based, chat-room group therapy is a legitimate method of psychological intervention and has a positive impact on interested rokm in need.
In terms of group dynamics, as reported chzt the participants, some of the group processes evinced by the two groups were similar, and others were different. In terms of satisfaction with therapy, both groups were similarly partially satisfied. From a qualitative cuat, moreover, the chat-room group experienced therapeutic factors that typically exist in therapy groups. Taking all this evidence together, we may cautiously conclude that an Internet chat-room could be used for group-therapy purposes.
The current research has several limitations that warrant attention. First, as mentioned above, the groups were very small therefore one should be cautious with generalizations. That is, we do not know how individuals in other age groups, level of education, or problem areas alone in asian phone chat hotel react to such an online intervention. Moreover, as indicated, the small size of the groups prevented us from detecting what seemed to counsrling ificant differences.
Only future research, replicating and extending our preliminary investigation may offer answers to these problems. This possibility, too, should be examined in future investigation. Intensive research is needed to further examine numerous other professional and scientific questions, such as the preparation chwt therapists for this type doom professional conduct, the rules by which groups ought to operate, and so on.
The findings of this study, however, provide initial lingerie modeling lafayette rhode island support for the use of an Internet chat room as a legitimate eoom mode. Much has been said gay sexting chat written in recent years about the growth and change mental health professions are going through in relation to the Information Revolution and opening opportunities in cyberspace.
For instance, Grohol listed seven ificant reasons why online therapy has prospects for becoming counseling chat room effective and accepted line for provision of mental help: perceived couseling of users, computer-mediated communication disinhibiting effects, accustomed Net use, response immediacy, trying out new behaviors in a secured online situation, providing of help to people who cannot access help otherwise, and the resemblance of online situations to real-world situations.
Fink extensively demonstrated how the Internet, in addition to the counselimg of counselinng computers, can effectively be used for psychotherapeutic applications. The current research, though limited in scope and empirical examination, is taking the field a step forward in proposing and testing what only a short while ago seemed to be a science fiction. If we can maneuver our professional conduct wisely, profiting from the advantages while avoiding the pitfalls of online-based mental help Barak, ; Childress, ; Lebow,we may advance psychotherapy to a new and much improved realm.
A shorter version of this article was presented in S. The authors are indebted to NetVision, an Israeli Internet Service Provider, for the donation of the Internet chat room and related programming. Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to Prof.
E-mail: azy construct. Barak, A.
Psychological applications on the Internet: A discipline on the threshold of a new millennium. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 8, Childress, C. Potential risks and benefits of online psychotherapeutic interventions [on-line]. Cohen, G. Computer mediated counseling: An empirical study of a new mental health treatment. Computers in Human Services, 15, Colon, Y.
Chatt er ing through the fingertips: Doing group therapy online. Finfgeld, D. Psychotherapy in cyberspace.
Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 5 4 Fink, J. How to use computers and cyberspace in the clinical practice of psychotherapy. Northvale, NJ: Aronson. Grohol, J. Future clinical directions: Professional development, pathology, and psychotherapy on-line. Gackenbach Ed.
Heppner, P. Research de in counseling 2nd ed.
Belmont, CA: Wworth. Hill, C. A guide to conducting consensual qualitative research.
The Counseling Psychologist, 25, Hudson, W. The Clinical Measurement Package: A field manual. Hudson-Allez, G. Time-limited therapy in a general practice setting. London: Sage. King, S. Internet therapy and self help groups - the pros and cons.
Lebow, J. Not just talk, maybe some risk: The therapeutic potentials and pitfalls of computer-mediated conversation. Journal of Marital and family Therapy, 24,
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